Chunglin Kwa and John Law considered scientific romanticism and scientific baroque as long-standing metaphors, tropes or metaphysical positions within the natural sciences. Scientific Romanticism involves the assumption that to understand nature we need to adopt a holistic approach in which we look up to explore emergent complexities. By contrast, the baroque alternative looks down and discovers limitless complexity within. In the present paper we will attempt to apply this classification scheme to the understanding of the history of ecological science showing how it is exemplified in the various ecological paradigms. We will also attempt to elaborate this scheme further seeking for how it is associated with environmental management and ideology.